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El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

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Titchener writes in his Systematic Psychology:. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat Titchener referred to this as stimulus error. The main tool Titchener used to try to determine the different components of consciousness was introspection. Behavioristsspecifically methodological behaviorists, fully rejected even the idea of the conscious experience as a worthy topic in psychology, since they believed that the subject matter of scientific psychology should be strictly operationalized in an objective and measurable way.

It stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy. Some critics also pointed out that totchener techniques actually resulted in retrospection — the memory of a sensation rather than the sensation itself.

Once Titchener identified the elements of estructuralidmo and their interaction, his theory then asked the question of why the elements interact in the estruturalismo they do.

Both sensations and images contained all of these qualities; however, affections were lacking in both clearness and extensity.

Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Because the notion of a mind could not be objectively measured, it was not worth further inquiry.

It is debated who deserves the credit for finding this field of psychology, but it is widely accepted that Wundt created the foundation on which Titchener expanded. Psychology the science of estructurallsmo. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

Structuralism has faced a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into estucturalismo psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable practices of observation. July Learn how esttructuralismo when to remove this template message. In his translation of Wundt’s work, Titchener illustrates Wundt as a supporter of introspection as a method through which to observe consciousness.


Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. And images and affections could be broken down further into just clusters of sensations.

Structuralism (psychology) – Wikipedia

Wundt makes a clear distinction between pure introspection, which is the relatively unstructured self-observation used by earlier philosophers, and experimental introspection. Titcheneralong with Wilhelm Titcheenris credited for the theory of structuralism. One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology. The main critique of structuralism was its focus on introspection as the method by which to gain an understanding of conscious experience.

He believed that he could understand reasoning and the structure of the mind if he could define and categorize the basic components of mind and the rules by which the components interacted.

The second issue in Titchener’s theory of structuralism was the question of how the mental elements combined and interacted with each other to form conscious experience. Titchener attempted to classify the structures of the mind, like wunvt classify the elements of natureinto the nature. Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology [1] is a theory of esrructuralismo developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

Therefore, by following this train of thinking all thoughts were images, which being constructed from elementary sensations meant that all complex reasoning and thought could eventually be broken down into just the sensations which he could get at titcyener introspection.

This theory was challenged in the 20th century. The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology He then used this translation to show that Wundt supported Titchener’s own theories. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

El Estructuralismo de Titchener by Carla Gonzales on Prezi

Proponents argue that psychology can still gain useful information from using introspection in this case. Sensations elements of perceptionsImages elements of ideasand affections elements of emotions.


Titchener argued that attention was simply a manifestation of the “clearness” property within sensation. The subject would be presented with an object, such as a pencil. It is true, nevertheless, that observation is the single and proprietary method of science, and that experiment, regarded as scientific method, is nothing else estrucfuralismo observation safeguarded and assisted.

For Wilhelm Dilthey’s concept of structural psychology, see Structural psychology Dilthey. In particular, Titchener was interested in the relationship between the conscious experience and the physical processes.

Unlike Wundt’s method of introspection, Titchener had very strict guidelines for the reporting of an introspective analysis. For instance, structuralism did not concern itself with the study of animal behaviorand personality. Titchener’s theory began with the question of what each element of the mind is.

Titchener rejected Wundt’s notions of titcheneg and creative synthesis voluntary actionwhich were the basis of Wundt’s voluntarism.

It is considered to be the first “school” of psychology [4] [5]. He concluded from his research that there were three types of mental elements constituting conscious experience: The Psychology of Human Thought.

Retrieved from ” https: Instead, Titchener was interested in seeking pure knowledge that to him was more important than commonplace issues. Therefore, the nervous system does not cause conscious experience, but can be used to explain some characteristics estruccturalismo mental events. In particular, Titchener focuses on the law of contiguitywhich is the idea that the thought of something will tend to cause thoughts of things that are usually experienced along with it.

Wilhelm Wundt instructed Titchener, the founder of structuralism, at the University of Leipzig. To do this, psychologists employ introspection, self-reports of sensations, views, feelings, emotions, etc. Titchener translated these works for the American audience, and in so doing misinterpreted Wundt’s meaning.