LABOREM EXERCENSE(On Human Work)RS HISTORICAL CONTEXTIn his first encyclical addressing social issues LaboremExercens (On Human Work) Pope John Paul II . Enciclica Laborem exercens. Main Author: Chiappetta, Luigi. Related Names: John Paul II Pope Language(s): Italian. Published: Napoli: Edizioni dehoniane, c Subjects. Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) / Juan Pablo II ; autor, Equipo DEI “Texto completo de la enciclica ; un comentario desde América Latina.”.
|Published (Last):||22 February 2006|
|PDF File Size:||20.12 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.28 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
However, within this context they have a specific character corresponding to the specific nature of human work as outlined above.
Each and every individual is at the same time embraced by it. It is a fact that in many societies women work in nearly every sector of life.
This gigantic and powerful instrument-the exercsns collection of means of production that in a sense are considered synonymous with “capital”- is the result of work and bears the signs of human labour. On the other hand: Laborem exercens begins with a scriptural argument that work is more than just an activity or a commodity, but an essential part of human nature. Agricultural work involves considerable difficulties, including unremitting and sometimes exhausting physical effort and a lack of appreciation on the part of society, to the point of making agricultural people feel that they are social outcasts and of speeding up the phenomenon of their mass exodus from the countryside to the cities and unfortunately to still more dehumanizing living conditions.
Laborem exercens was written in honor of the 90th anniversary, and makes reference to Rerum novarum and to several of the subsequent writings. Work is, as has been said, an obligation, that is to say, a duty, on the part of man. If one wishes to define more clearly the ethical meaning of work, it is this truth that one must particularly keep in mind. The present reflections on work are not intended to follow a different line, but rather to be in organic connection with the whole tradition of this teaching and activity.
The conditions of the rural population and of agricultural work vary exercfns place to place, and the social position of agricultural workers differs from country to country. In general the latter process demonstrates that labour and what we are accustomed to call capital are intermingled; it shows that they are inseparably linked. encivlica
This dominion, in a certain sense, refers to the subjective dimension even more than to the objective one: And if the solution-or rather the gradual solution-of the social question, which keeps coming up and becomes ever more complex, must be sought in the direction of “making life more human” 8then the key, namely human work, acquires fundamental and decisive importance. It enciclca the reaction against the degradation of man as the subject of work, and against the unheard-of accompanying exploitation in the field of wages, working conditions and social security for the worker.
However, it is common knowledge that in the present system of economic relations in the world there are numerous links between individual States, links that find expression, for instance, in the import and export process, that is to say, in the mutual exchange of economic goods, whether raw materials, semimanufactured goods, or finished industrial products.
Retrieved 26 Dec Influence in this direction should be exercised by all the International Organizations whose concern it is, beginning with the United Nations Organization. According to the principal ideologists and leaders of this broad international movement, the purpose of this programme of action is to achieve the social revolution and to introduce socialism and, finally, the communist system throughout the ecercens.
In order to achieve social justice in the various parts of the enciclcia, in the various countries, and in labodem relationships between them, there is a need for ever new movements of solidarity of the workers and with the workers. Since disabled people are subjects with all their rights, they should be helped to participate in the life of society in all its aspects and at all the levels exercrns to their capacities. This method is recognized by Catholic social teaching as legitimate in the proper conditions and within just limits.
This can be true of certain categories or groups of the working ” intelligentsia”, especially when ever wider access to education and an ever increasing number of people with degrees or diplomas in the fields of their cultural preparation are accompanied by a drop in demand for their labour.
The same principle applies in the successive phases of this process, in which the first phase always remains the relationship of man with the resources and riches of nature. While one can enciclicz that, by reason of its subject, work is one single thing one and unrepeatable every timeyet when one takes into consideration its objective directions one is forced to admit that there exist many works, many different sorts of work.
In every system, regardless of the fundamental relationships within it between capital and labour, wages, that is to say remuneration for work, are still a practical means whereby the vast majority of people can have access to those goods which are intended for common use: As a result of the Council, the main coordinating centre in this field is the Pontifical Commission Justice and Peace, which has corresponding bodies within the individual Bishops’ Conferences.
Each community will be able to set up suitable structures for labogem or creating jobs for such people both in the usual public or private enterprises, by offering them ordinary or suitably adapted jobs, and in what are called “protected” enterprises and surroundings.
This awareness is extinguished within him in a system of excessive bureaucratic centralization, which makes the worker feel that he is just a cog in a huge machine moved from above, that he is for more reasons than one a mere production instrument rather than a true subject of work with an initiative of his own.
And yet, in spite of all this toil—perhaps, in a sense, because of it—work is a good thing for man Following tlle lines laid dawn by the Encyclical Rerum Novarum and many later documents of the Church’s Magisterium, it must be frankly recognized that the reaction against the system of injustice and harm that cried to heaven for vengeance 13 and that weighed heavily upon workers in that period of rapid industrialization was justified from the point of view of social morality.
However, the role of unions is not to “play politics” in the sense that the expression is commonly understood today. It leads to an increase in the quantity of things produced by work, and in many cases improves their quality. All this constitutes the moral obligation of work, understood in its wide sense. In the present document, which has human work as its main theme, it is right to confirm all the effort with which the Church’s teaching has striven and continues to strive always to ensure the priority of work and, thereby, man’s character as a subject in social life and, especially, in the dynamic structure of the whole economic process.
Further consideration of this question should confirm our conviction of the priority of human labour over what in the course of time we have grown accustomed to calling capital. Both the original industrialization that gave rise to what is called the worker question and the subsequent industrial and post-industrial changes show in an eloquent manner that, even in the age of ever more mechanized “work”, the proper subject of work continues to be man.
Everything should be done-and certainly much is being done to this end-to prevent this material evil from causing greater moral harm; indeed every possible effort should be made to ensure that it may bring benefit to the emigrant’s personal, family and social life, both for the country to which he goes and the country which he leaves.
Even when it is accompanied by toil and effort, work is still something good, and so man develops through love for work. Putting this programme into practice presupposes the collectivization of the means of production so that,through the transfer of these means from private hands to the collectivity, human labour will be preserved from exploitation.
In view of this situation we must first of all recall a principle that has always been taught by the Church: But here it must be emphasized, in general terms, that the person who works desires not only due remuneration for his work; he also wishes that, within the production process, provision be made for him to be able to know that in his work, even on something that is owned in common, he is working “for himself”.
However, it can easily become an occasion for various forms of exploitation or injustice and as a result influence the labour policy of individual States; and finally it can influence the individual worker, who is the proper subject of labour.
In many situations radical and urgent changes are therefore needed in order to restore to agriculture-and to rural people-their just value as the basis for a healthy economy, within the social community’s development as a whole.
The progress in question must be made through man and for man and it must produce its fruit in man. They must let themselves be guided by an exact diagnosis of the complex situations and of the influence exercised by natural, historical, civil and other such circumstances.
Thus, merely converting the means of production into State property in the collectivist system is by no means equivalent to “socializing” that property.
Encíclica Laborem Exercens by Alejandro Espeso García on Prezi
John Paul proposed a family wagei. If it is true that capital, as the whole of the means of production, is at the same time the product of the work of generations, it is equally true that capital is being unceasingly created through the work done with the help of all these means of production, and these means can be seen as a great workbench at which the present generation of workers is llaborem day after day.
While it is true that man eats the bread produced by the work of his hands 5 – and this means not only the daily bread by which his body keeps alive but also the bread of science and progress, civilization and culture – it is also a perennial truth that he eats this bread by “the sweat of his face” 6that is to say, not only by personal effort lwborem toil but also in the midst of many tensions, conflicts and crises, which, in relationship with the reality of work, disturb the life of individual societies and also of all humanity.
These two spheres of values-one linked to work and the other consequent on the family nature of human life-must be properly united and must properly permeate each other. Women with children have a right either to stay home, or to work outside the home with accommodation for their family responsibility.