D.P.R.581 95 PDF

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As a matter of policy, the Savidge result is undesirable. Debtors argue that the decisions of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico relied upon by the court in Yumet have been clarified by subsequent decisions which establish that under Puerto Rico law a pre-judgment attachment is perfected by execution of the final judgment.

The Bankruptcy Code provides for three types of liens: Debtor has no equity in the truck because the amount secured by its attachment far exceeds its fair market value. Superior Court of Puerto Rico, 99 D. United States Bankruptcy Court, D. Cited By 8 This case has been cited by these opinions: Unanue View All Citing Opinions.

Quadrel later obtained a second garnishment on personal property of debtor pursuant to Rule 56 of the Puerto Rico Rules of Civil Procedure.

The Court held that the United States’s tax liens, which were recorded after the creditor’s attachment but before he obtained judgment, were superior to the attachment lien. The entry of final judgment perfects the inchoate attachment lien, which thereby relates back to the date of its entry.

Although Yumet involved a prior version of the Puerto Rico Code of Civil Procedure [7]the language is substantially similar to the present version. However, neither of these cases hold that a prejudgment attachment is perfected by the entry of final judgment. Southern California Plastics, Inc.

At the hearing held on March 18,the Court made findings of fact d.p.r.81 granted the parties thirty days to file briefs as to whether a pre-petition attachment of moveable property constitutes a lien within the meaning of the laws of Puerto Rico.


Pioneer American Insurance Company, U. Thus, to render his lien choate, the lienor must usually reduce his claim to a judgment. Quadrel is engaged in the business of leasing trailer tank trucks for the transportation of hazardous chemicals. Succession Ramos, 23 P.

In Re Carlos A. Rivera, Inc., B.R. –

CourtListener is a project of Free Law Projecta federally-recognized c 3 non-profit. City of New Britain, U. To secure payment of the judgment, Quadrel obtained a garnishment on personal property of debtor. Section provided “Every person who shall bring an action for the fulfillment of any obligation may obtain an order from the court having cognizance of the suit providing that the proper measures be taken to secure the effectiveness of the judgment as the case may require it, should it be rendered in his favor.

NOTES [1] Rule 56 provides that the court may issue a provisional order of attachment to secure satisfaction of a judgment upon motion of a claimant. The perfected lien relates back in priority to the date of the pre-judgment attachment, but it secures the judgment, not the unsecured provable debt. Such a judgment, followed by execution and levy, only enforces the lien created by the attachment. Thus, the term “perfects”, as used by the courts, refers to the enforceability, not the validity of the lien.

Sherred Village Associates, F. Discussion The Bankruptcy Code provides that the filing of a bankruptcy petition operates as a stay of “any act to create, perfect or enforce any lien against property of the estate;” and of “any act to create, perfect, or enforce against property of the debtor any lien to the extent that such lien secures a claim that arose before the commencement of the case.

A “judicial lien” is a lien “obtained by judgment, levy, sequestration, or other legal or equitable process or proceeding.

D.p.r. 581 95 pdf

The court in Moscoso Villaronga found that the obtention of a prejudgment writ of attachment and the recording of the same in the property registry according to Puerto Rico law constitutes a “legal or equitable process or proceeding” by which a judicial lien may be created, and that therefore the term “judicial lien” encompasses a pre-judgment writ of attachment as obtained under Puerto Rico law.


Quadrel, as the party requesting relief from the automatic stay, has met its burden of proof as to debtor’s lack of equity in the attached property, while debtor has submitted nothing more than allegations as to adequate protection of Quadrel’s interest or its equity in the attached property. Although the prejudgment attachment is inchoate, the entry of final judgment does not perfect the attachment lien by creating it, but rather by removing its contingent character.

See also, United States v. Other courts have found that the term “judicial lien” as defined in the Bankruptcy Code includes a prejudgment attachment.

Upon entry of final judgment in an action in which a prejudgment attachment exists upon real property, the attachment lien merges with the judgment lien in the sense that there cannot be two separate and distinct liens against the same property to guarantee the same judgment; the attachment lien continues in existence once judgment is entered to preserve the lien’s priority.

Findings of Fact Quadrel is engaged in the business of leasing trailer tank trucks for the transportation of hazardous chemicals. In response to the application of these doctrines to disputes involving non-tax federal liens by the lower federal courts, Congress amended the lien provisions of the Internal Revenue Code in to make them more consistent with modern commercial practices in the states.

Before judgment could be entered in the collection action the debtor filed a bankruptcy petition which stayed the proceedings in the district court. The “choateness doctrine” provided that a lien’s priority was measured from the time it became choate; that is, when the identity of the lienor, the property subject to the lien, and the amount of the lien were established.

A person who lawfully obtains an attachment order in his favor on real property of the debtor may request that a cautionary notice be entered in the property registry. The court in Moscoso Villaronga further found that the judicial lien created by the prejudgment attachment was valid and perfected.