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A brief note about the life of Catalina de Erauso, the “lieutenant nun.”. Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World is Catalina de Erauso’s memoir about her experiences during the early s in Spain and. Lieutenant Nun is an autobiography that was written by Catalina de Erauso list of the characters in Lieutenant Nun and in-depth analyses of and Catalina.

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Once released from prison she went to Estella de Navarra and managed to settle herself as a page of an important lord of the town called Alonso de Arellano. Sent back to Spain, Catalina gains notoriety and attempts to get a military pension, in recognition for her years of service. Posted by Sharon L. There I hid out for three days tracing and cutting clothing.

An Early Modern Autobiography. Although there is no solid evidence to support it, some postulate that Bishop Juan de Palafox tried to move her remains to the city of Puebla, home to the bishopric, but failed.

Terrible People from History. Catalina was pursued by the law into Lima, Peru. To escape, she pretended to confess and, after seizing a consecrated host fled to Rrauso [10] and returned to Peru. Erauso, Catalina de — Spanish woman who fled a convent and, disguised as a man, rose to the rank of lieutenant in the Spanish colonial army in South Americathen returned to Spain where her exploits were immortalized.

The reason that their accounts are different is for a few reasons. When she moved to La Paz, she was sentenced again to death for another offense.


She returned to New Spain inusing the name Antonio de Erauso, where she worked as a cataliha driver on the road from Veracruz. Then, later in the s, she appeared as a “melancholy lesbian whose lover dies and a voyeuristic lesbian whose narrative ends with the optimistic image of the protagonist accompanied erausi the object of her sexual desire. This section also was an intersection of not only gender, but also class and profession.

Catalina was his servant for two years, always well treated and well dressed. Subscribe to our newsletter.

Surprisingly, her father did not recognise her despite having spoken eraus her. The first place in the Americas where she landed was Punta de Araya, now part of Venezuelawhere she had a confrontation with a Dutch pirate fleet which she defeated.

The book was published in France in under the title of The Nun Lieutenant. After marching with her company to Chile inher army swept through the lands and property of the Mapuches, showing her aggressive side as conqueror, massacring many Indians.

Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun | Stuff You Missed in History Class

Not wanting to be discovered, she refused to marry. In one battle, Catalina is purported to have turned the tide by capturing a chief named Guipihuanche, dragging him back to the fort and catxlina him. This time she was sentenced to death, but was saved at the last minute by the deposition of another prisoner sentenced to death. At present, this character is attractive to the poststructuralist catalin because she is a clear example of instability and relativity of the notion of gender in the construction of the identity of an individual.

After another dizzying array of adventures and misadventures–he is promoted, he is suspended, he is imprisoned, he deserts the army, he commits erauao crimes, including murder, for which he is condemned to death and then reprieved–in Erauso is forced to reveal “her” identity as a woman.


Erauso, Catalina de (1592–1635)

She fabricated men’s clothing with the materials at her disposal, cut her hair and hid her habit. He continued to wander around Spain, perfecting his disguise and finding employment as a page boy in various households. A group of officials decided to disembark despite the dangers, and Erauso asked to accompany them.

There, her master happily accommodated her. Because each style catwlina its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information eraudo available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. Apparently prone to violence and nearly unbeatable caatlina swordplay, on one occasion Erauso was sentenced to life in prison for the killing of two young men. The first man who took him in was a doctor who was married to a relative of hers who soon tried to sexually abuse him.

In Piscobamba, by quarreling, she killed another individual. Her df is ambiguous on the matter, though given the attitudes of the times it could hardly directly state she was trans. This led to her enlisting in the Spanish army and fighting in Chile during the Arauco War.

At age 19, she embarked for Mexico, dreaming of the conquest and conversion of “heathen” Indians to Christianity by means of the sword.