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IS THE CAMBRIDGE COGNITIVE TEST (CAMCOG) A USEFUL TOOL TO PREDICT THE PATHOLOGICAL STATUS OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID IN PATIENTS. Screening Test s. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). 12 (52). Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG). 8 (35). Middlesex Elderly Assessment of. A leading global provider of cognitive assessment software for use in: • Academic Research – Promoting products for use in Academic Research since

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The exclusion criteria were: Instrument application and the evaluated variables The test application tfst done by one of the five trained examiners for the study: Of the eight major subscales orientation, language, memory, attention, praxis, calculation, abstract thinking, perceptionage was significantly related to all but attention; sex with attention, praxis, calculation and perception; education with language and abstract thinking; and social class with language and perception.

This finding can be partially explained by the fact that the punctuation of the items which constitute the subscale depends on the raters’ interpretation. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; Instrument application and the evaluated variables.

Reliability of the Brazilian version of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination Revised CAMCOG-R

The data suggest that the studied phenomenon – cognition – was kept stable during the period of time in which it was studied. Caution must therefore be taken when using the CAMCOG or camfog other cognitive test as a screening test for dementia, using a single, predetermined cutpoint. Landis J, Koch G.

They were then divided in the following categories: Hodkinson M, Qureshi K. Criterion-referenced validity of a neuropsychological test battery: Clinical and neuropsychological assessment of Alzheimer’ disease. The first 60 subjects tdst were also used to assess the interrater reliability of the instrument.

The operational difficulties during the interrater reliability study, which demanded the presence of two raters in the interview room at the same cancog, caused the studied sample to be smaller than that of the test-retest.

The stability of the instrument among those with mild, moderate and severe dementia was 0. The data was typed and analyzed using SPSS The subscale means were similar in the two testings; a discreet difference was noticed in the “executive functions” subscale and in the MMSE. As the “attention” and the “calculation” subscales are very small each having only two itemsthey were analyzed together with a maximum value of 9 points.


Accepted 24 March The age taken into consideration was based on any identification document presented, and it was divided into: How to cite this article.

The Cambridge examination for mental disorders of the elderly. The inclusion criteria were: As for the evaluation of the interrater reliability, two raters applied the test and both of them wrote down the answers separately.

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The interrater reliability, which was evaluated using the ICC, proved to be high, varying from 0. Camcig Neuropsychol Cognition ;3: All subjects underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment consisting of a functional and a cognitive evaluation, as well as of an interview with an informant.

Heinik J, Solomesh I. The test application was done by one of the five trained examiners for the study: J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; Examination of the association between CAMCOG scores and socio-demographic variables age, sex, education and social class etst that each exerts a significant, and independent, effect upon performance.

The test-retest reliability was evaluated with a mean interval of However, a small difference was found for subjects damcog low schooling Table 4. When a subject answers one item correctly, it is expected that he or she would also be able to answer other items related to it correctly as well, because split cognition into cognitive domains is more didactical than anatomical, camco the brain operates in a network where one area is intimately connected with the other It was administered to a population sample of elderly people aged 77 and above in their place of residence.

The complexity of the instrument demands training for the raters and the copyright is reserved by the Cambridge University Press. On the appointment day, the selected subjects were invited to participate in the study.

The ICC score was excellent for the set of items of the test and for the items of the subscales; it varied from “moderate” 0. In all these analyses, the results were adjusted for the effects of the other socio-demographic variables using analysis of variance.

One hundred and twenty-three subjects took part in the test-retest study, while 60 of them participated in the interrater reliability study as well. The instrument is composed of 69 items with a maximum score of points; the higher the total score, the better the performance in the test. The testing took place in a reserved room, well lit, with little external noise, and with no visible calendars or clocks. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; The patient’ schooling was defined as completed years of school in czmcog formal educational system as informed by the subject failed school years were not taken into consideration.


In the interrater reliability study, the minimum age of the subjects was 65 years; for this reason, it was not possible to test the items of the remote memory subscale suggested for subjects who were born after Services on Demand Journal. The lack of a specific biological marker for the diagnosis of dementia in the clinical practice amplifies the vitality of this evaluation 2.

Received 16 December The ten point clock test: The Br-CAMCOG-R has obtained a high level of stability with time, agreement among raters, and optimum internal consistency; it can be useful for epidemiological studies and in specialized clinics to evaluate cognitive functions in elders. When evaluating the stability of an instrument, it is fundamental to trst that the variability of the results is not significantly determined by the range associated to the rater, which can occur due to the precarious standardization while applying it.

The praxis subscale demonstrated camcg smallest stability in time Table 4. However, we suggest reapplying this study in different operational settings to learn about the stability of the instrument in other circumstances.

The objective of the present study is to evaluate the interrater reliability and test-retest as well as the internal consistency of the Br-CAMCOG-R, as one of the vital steps in the evaluation process of the psychometric properties of this instrument. In Brazil, the only study found by the authors which validates instruments from this country’ perspective was the one written by Bottino et al.

Bearing in mind the multidimensionality of the construct named cognition, the internal consistency of the instruments used to evaluate it should reflect the agreement or not of each item with csmcog test as a whole.